Hot Pans - Stockholm Steelband
© Ulf Kronman, The Pan Page. Publisher: Musikmuseet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Double Second (Tenor)

The double second pan consists of two drums with 15 notes in each. The tonal range is almost two and a half octaves in the same range as the double tenor pan. The sound of the double second is, though, a little deeper than the double tenor due to its longer side.

The note layout of the double second seems to be more consistent than for the double tenor. On a chromatic scale, the notes are positioned in drums left-right-left-etc., which means that the most dissonant intervals - the small seconds - are distributed over two drums. The smallest intervals residing in the same drum - the large seconds - are spaced as far apart as possible. For instance, C and D are almost at opposite sides of the left drum.

For the positioning of the drums while playing, the same reasoning as for the double tenor is valid. It is easier to play fast if the stands are turned so that the lowest ends of the tilted drums are facing the player. Therefore, the layout is shown in this fashion.

Overview of the Double Second pan

According to some sources there is a special "Ellie Manette styling" of the double second, ranging from the ordinary low F#3 up to C#6, that is; two semitones higher than the usual. This is accomplished by making each note a little smaller and moving Bb4 in the left drum and B4 in the right drum from a middle position to the outer ring, making space for the extra two top notes. The outer ring of notes will then contain nine notes in each drum, again a result of the efforts to make the notes successively smaller.

Double second pan according to Ellie Manette's styling. Note the Bb4 and B4 moved to the outer ring and the extra C6 and C#6.

Overview of Double Second pan, Ellie Mannette styling

Measures for the Double Second pan

The left drum of the measured pan was made by Lawrence Mayers during a research project of summer 1989. Measures for right drum were extrapolated by the author, together with some data from a double second built by Rudy Smith 1988.

Notes

Drum

Groove

Number
of notes

Tonal Range

Depth of playing
surface [mm]

Length of
side [mm]

Hole pos.
from rim [mm]

Width [mm]

Radial length [mm]

End from rim [mm]

30

F#3-B5

160-165

215

50

5

125

47

Note

Position

Radial length

Tangential length

Length along rim

Note

Position

Radial length

Tangential length

Length along rim

F#3

Outer left

162

235

290

G3

Outer right

160

210

290

G#3

Outer left

160

202

250

A3

Outer right

158

210

250

Bb3

Outer left

158

210

250

B3

Outer right

155

200

245

C4

Outer left

153

200

245

C#4

Outer right

152

180

210

D4

Outer left

150

162

205

D#4

Outer right

148

155

190

E4

Outer left

145

150

185

F4

Outer right

145

147

185

F#4

Outer left

145

143

185

G4

Outer right

140

135

175

G#4

Outer left

140

130

165

A4

Outer right

135

115

165

Bb4

Middle left

125

90

B4

Middle right

118

85

C5

Middle left

112

80

C#5

Middle right

112

77

D5

Middle left

113

72

D#5

Middle right

100

70

E5

Middle left

92

67

F5

Middle right

85

64

F#5

Middle left

80

60

G5

Middle right

78

60

G#5

Middle left

76

61

A5

Middle right

75

58

Bb5

Inner left

74

55

B5

Inner right

74

55